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Recognition of Concussion

A sports-related concussion usually involves a blow to the head either directly or indirectly. The following are common signs and symptoms of sports-related concussions:

  1. Signs (observed by others):
    • Loss of consciousness (any duration)
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Athlete appears dazed or stunned
    • Confusion (about assignment, plays, etc.)
    • Forgets plays
    • Unsure about game, score, opponent
    • Moves clumsily (altered coordination)
    • Balance problems
    • Personality/or behavior changes
    • Responds slowly to questions
    • Forgets events prior to hit
    • Forgets events after hit
  2. Symptoms (reported by athlete):
    • Headache
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Double vision, blurry vision
    • Sensitive to light or noise
    • Feels sluggish
    • Feels foggy
    • Problems concentrating
    • Problems remembering

These signs and symptoms are indicative of probable concussion. Other causes for any of these signs/symptoms should also be considered.